This article addresses the concerns of the messenger/helper who must convey tragic news to individuals and families. It offers a model to be used as a guide to ease the stress on both the deliverer and receiver of bad news. The model uses the mnemonic, PEWTER (Prepare, Evaluate, Warn, Tell, Emotional Response, Regroup), to represent the six components of the communication process.
Nardi, Thomas and Keefe-Cooperman, Kathleen, "Communicating bad news: A model for emergency mental health helpers" (2006). Faculty of Counseling & Development Publications. 5.