Regular vinegar and apple cider vinegar have historically been used as home remedies to cure illness and diseases; however, not enough empirical research has been done to substantiate these assertions. This thesis will discuss the different ways that various vinegar forms affect one’s body metabolism, and the effect that they have on infectious diseases. This is an important topic to examine because of the growing number of infectious diseases. Vinegar contains polyphenols, which display antioxidant qualities in the body. Polyphenols found in the acetic acid of vinegar also inhibit microbial growth. This microbial growth is usually controlled by antimicrobials; however these are losing their efficacy due to increasing microbial resistance. Antimicrobial resistance is when microorganisms develop a defense against something that used to be able to kill them in the past. It is also important to see the positive effect that vinegar has on one’s body metabolism because of conditions, such as obesity and diabetes, which have also become more prevalent in the world today. Obesity is important to be controlled because it can increase one’s susceptibility to other life threatening diseases. Vinegar has been found to lower low density lipoprotein levels, and increase high density lipoprotein levels, which helps deter weight gain. Vinegar has also been found to lower average blood glucose levels in diabetic subjects. Vinegar has also been found to have an anti-obesogenic effect on patients; a few studies documented weight loss in obese people. This thesis investigated the scope of these research studies and reviewed their validity to examine the effect of vinegar on the human body and several infectious diseases.


Vinegar, Health, Antimicrobial resistance, Bacteria, Disease

Document Type


Year of Completion



Tejas Bouklas, PhD

Academic Department

Health Sciences