The goal of this honors thesis was to explore sex differences in the occurrence of collegiate sports injuries in basketball, lacrosse and soccer across three NCAA Division levels. I compared the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference (MAAC) for Division I, the East Coast Conference (ECC) for Division II and the Skyline Conference for Division III. I analyzed sports injury data from six schools: Manhattan College and Quinnipiac University (Division I), Long Island University Post and New York Institute of Technology (Division II), and Farmingdale State College and SUNY Purchase (Division III). I predicted Division I to have a higher number of sports injuries in individual injury categories compared to Division II and Division III and that Division III would have the least number of sport injuries. I also predicted that there would be more sports injuries in males compared to females. I anticipated evidence of sex differences in relation to injury because males display more competitiveness, risk taking, and aggression compared to their female counterparts. There was a total of 928 sports injuries (Basketball: 218, Lacrosse: 439 and Soccer: 271) reported for all six schools (Division I: 530, Division II: 307 and Division III: 91). I organized the sports injuries into eight categories: all injuries, concussions, face to neck, trunk region, spine, arm to fingers, hip to knee and leg to toes. I used the NCAA Division level, sport, sex and total number of man hours for practice and play as factors to conduct several ANOVA tests. I discovered evidence of a statistically significant difference in sports injuries based on NCAA Division level (P-Value < 0.05) but no evidence of a statistically significant difference for sport or sex (P-Value > 0.05). However, I noticed a statistically significant difference in concussion injuries amongst women compared to their male counterparts. This data is important because the results can ultimately improve the overall health and well-being of collegiate athletes.


Sex differences, Collegiate Sports injuries, NCAA divisions I, II, and III

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Year of Completion



Dr. Kent Hatch

Academic Department

Health Science