Research shows mothers and women have higher levels of role conflict and depression. The purpose of this study was to expand on the literature surrounding mothers with role conflict and their depression levels. The main hypothesis was mothers experiencing total role conflict have higher levels of depression compared to non-mothers. Additionally, four sub hypotheses were examined. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Long Island University students and staff, who were women, responded to a survey that included five demographic questions, the PHQ-9 scale, and The Role Conflict Scale. Total sample size was n = 36 with 18 respondents being mothers. Three hypotheses showed significant findings, however, only two were supported. Limitations include a small sample size, limited population, and research design. Based on the findings, the following conclusions can be drawn:

1. Mothers experience higher levels of role conflict than nonmothers

2. Mothers with Parent vs. Self role conflict tend to show high levels of depression

3. Levels of Professional vs. Self role conflict is associated with depression levels in non-mothers


mothers, women, role conflict, depression, PHQ-9, Role Conflict Scale

Document Type


Year of Completion



Masters in Social Work


Maria Taylor, Ph.D., MSSW

Academic Department

Social Work

Included in

Social Work Commons